What are forest fires?How are they caused and what are the measures taken to control them?

 A forest fire is that type of fire which are caused in forest due to heat that  are produced in summer generally. we can call it as unplanned fire or uncontrolled fire . it may be cause in vegetation which may be combustible it can be classified as wild fire, bush fire or wildland fire. it is very common in those areas where the climate is Mediterranean Causes There are many causes of such fire like in natural causes are- Lighting dry climate  volcanic eruption Human activity is also major cause of forest fire or may called as wild fire. people who visit forest or cross through forest  smoker discard there cigarettes' or power line arc or spark from ignition can cause fire in forest. Measures  There is no such major to control the fire but we can prevent forest from such fire by not discarding cigarettes  and using such equipment which produces spark with some fire equipments like extinguisher and as such .   

Occupier Under factories act 1948

 a definition of occupier is given in chapter 1 (Preliminary) under section 2  according to it 

An occupier of a factory means a person who has ultimate control over the affairs of the factory.

in special cases it is defined as -

1. In case of firm or other association of individuals any one of the individual partner or members there of shall be deemed to be the occupier.

2. in case of company any one of the director shall be deemed to be the occupier.

3. In the case of ship which is repaired or on which maintenance work is being carried out, in a dry dock which is available for hire-

  • The owner of the dock shall be deemed to be the occupier for the purpose of any matter provided for by or under.-
  1. Section 6, 7 (section 7A, Section 7b),Section 11, Section 12.
  2. Section 17 in so far it relates to the providing and maintenance of sufficient and suitable lighting in or around the dock.
  3. Section 1A, Section 19, Section 42, Section 47 or Section 49, in relation to the workers employed on such repair or maintenance .
4.The owner of the ship or his agent or master or office in charge who contracts with such owner, agent or master or other office in charge to carry out the repairs deemed to be the occupier for the purpose of any matter provided for by or under Section 13, section 14, Section 16 or section 17 or chapter 4 (except section 27) or section 43,44,or 45, Chapter 6, Chapter7, Chapter 8,or Chapter 9 or Section 108,Section 109, Section 110in relation to-

The workers employed directly by him or by or through any agency.

The machinery plant or premises in use for the purpose of carrying out such repairs or maintenance work by such owner agent, master or other office-in-charge or person.


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