What are forest fires?How are they caused and what are the measures taken to control them?

 A forest fire is that type of fire which are caused in forest due to heat that  are produced in summer generally. we can call it as unplanned fire or uncontrolled fire . it may be cause in vegetation which may be combustible it can be classified as wild fire, bush fire or wildland fire. it is very common in those areas where the climate is Mediterranean Causes There are many causes of such fire like in natural causes are- Lighting dry climate  volcanic eruption Human activity is also major cause of forest fire or may called as wild fire. people who visit forest or cross through forest  smoker discard there cigarettes' or power line arc or spark from ignition can cause fire in forest. Measures  There is no such major to control the fire but we can prevent forest from such fire by not discarding cigarettes  and using such equipment which produces spark with some fire equipments like extinguisher and as such .   

Duties of occupier under Factories Act, 1948

All the duties of occupier comes under Section (7A) 

 Duties of occupier are divided into two parts -

  • Specific Duties-

Depending upon the nature of work, working conditions and the situations special specific duties are assigned for the occupier's  under factories act 1948.

  •  General duties-

    1.  Every occupier shall ensure so far as is reasonably practicable, the health, safety and welfare of all workers while they are at work in the factory.
    2. The additional duties of occupier are as under the provision of the sub section(1)  the matters to which such duty extends shall include-
    • The provision & maintenance of plant and system of work in the factory that are safe and without risks to health.
    • The arrangements in the factory for ensuring safety and absence of risks to health in connections with the use, handling storage and transport of articles and substances.
    • The provision of such information, instruction, training, and supervision as are necessary to ensure the health and safety of all workers at work.
    • The maintenance of all places of work in the factory in a condition that is safe and without risks to health and the provision and maintenance of such means of access to and egress from such places as are safe and without such risks.
    • The provisions, maintenance or monitoring of such working environment in the factory for the worker that are safe without risks to health and adequate as regards facilities and arrangement for their welfare at risk.
3. Except in such cases as may be prescribed every occupier shall prepare and as often may be appropriate, revise, a written statement of his general policy with respect to the health and safety of the worker at work and the organization and arrangements for the time being in force for carrying out that policy and to bring the statement and any revision thereof to the notice of all the worker in such manner as may be prescribed.



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