Showing posts from August, 2020

What are forest fires?How are they caused and what are the measures taken to control them?

 A forest fire is that type of fire which are caused in forest due to heat that  are produced in summer generally. we can call it as unplanned fire or uncontrolled fire . it may be cause in vegetation which may be combustible it can be classified as wild fire, bush fire or wildland fire. it is very common in those areas where the climate is Mediterranean Causes There are many causes of such fire like in natural causes are- Lighting dry climate  volcanic eruption Human activity is also major cause of forest fire or may called as wild fire. people who visit forest or cross through forest  smoker discard there cigarettes' or power line arc or spark from ignition can cause fire in forest. Measures  There is no such major to control the fire but we can prevent forest from such fire by not discarding cigarettes  and using such equipment which produces spark with some fire equipments like extinguisher and as such .   

portable fire extinguisher, water type (gas cartridge)

 Principle and design The extinguisher shall be upright type, thus operated by holding the extinguisher upright and piercing the gas cartridge by applying pressure on plunger or by pressing the squeeze grip thereby discharging the contents. Capacity The capacity of water type extinguisher should be filled to the specified level indicated in exterior of the body shall be 9.0 ± 0.5 litre. Shape The shape of the body shall be cylindrical with an outside diameter of 175 ± 5 mm. Construction A cylindrical skirt having minimum 25 mm height shall be welded to the bottom dish. Where carrying handle and/or supporting fittings are fitted to the body, these shall be either welded or brazed. The carrying handle shall be made of mild steel or stainless steel rod not less than 6 mm in diameter or fabricated out of mild steel or stainless steel sheets of same thickness as the body and the clamp shall be of mild steel or stainless steel thickness of 3 mm, minimum. The thickness of the shell shall be c

Manual of fire safety by N seesha parkash

 Manual of fire safety Writer  N seesha parkash Specefication  it gives basic of fire that what is fire and what is combustion and many more The price of this book is Rupees 574 Fire prevention and protection  Writer B.M Sen Volume 1 Fire Protection and Prevention: The Essential Handbook Volume 2 B.M Sen Fire Service Operations: Aircraft Incidents v. 2 (Fire Service Manual) Fire Service Manual: Volume 4: Fire Service Training, Guidance on the Management of Risk of Heat Stress During Training

Which is the best phone under 20000 in 2020?

  Samsung Galaxy M31 Specification Quad Camera Setup - 64MP (F1.8) Main Camera +8MP (F2.2) Ultra Wide Camera +5MP(F2.2) Depth Camera +5MP(F2.4) Macro Camera and 32MP (F2.0) front facing Camera 6.4-inch(16.21 centimeters) Super Amoled - Infinity U Cut Display , FHD+ Resolution (2340 x 1080) , 404 ppi pixel density and 16M color support Android v10.0 operating system with 2.3GHz + 1.7GHz Exynos 9611 Octa core processor , 6GB RAM, 128GB internal memory expandable up to 512GB and dual SIM 6000 mAh Battery Motorola One Power XT1942-2 Specification 16MP+5MP dual rear camera PDAF (f1.8, 1.12 micrometre), f2.2, 1.0 micrometre | 12MP front camera with f2.0, 1.25 micrometre, flash, HD recording, full HD recording, frame rate: UHD at 30fps, FHD at 30fps, FHD at 60fps, VGA at 30 fps Memory, Storage and SIM: 4GB RAM | 64GB internal memory expandable up to 256GB | Dual SIM (nano+nano) dual-standby (4G+4G) Android Oreo v8.1 operating system with 1.8GHz Qualcomm Snapdragon 636 octa core processor 50

Best speakers under 1000 rupees

  Artis BT90 Wireless Portable Bluetooth Speaker Specification Wireless Bluetooth Speaker with USB input, Micro SD Card/TF Card input / FM Radio & Aux In support Dynamic Sound Effect with Crystal Clear Sound Playback Upto 5 Hours of Playback, Robust Cubical Designed body shape 10 Meters Operating Range, Wrist Band / Holding Strap included in the box Connection Type: Bluetooth , USB , Micro Sd Card, TF Card Reader, Aux In Port, FM Radio Infinity (JBL) Fuze Pint Deep Bass Dual EQ Bluetooth 5.0 Wireless Portable Speaker (Mystic Blue) Specification Pocket Size Portable Bluetooth Speakers Wireless Bluetooth Streaming Dual Equaliser Modes for Normal & Deep Bass Output 5 hours Music Playtime Under Optimum Audio Settings Speakerphone Voice Assistant Integration 1 year manufacturer’s warranty Rewy WT113 Splashproof + Waterproof High Bass Sound Wireless Bluetooth Speaker Specification Compact and Trendy:- Enjoy amazing audio experience on t

Best laptop deals under 30000 - 40000

Acer Aspire E5-476 -14" FHD Notebook Specification Intel Core i3 8130U Processor 4GB DDR4 RAM With 1TB Sata HDD 14.0" Full HD Display. Slim Light Weight only 1.6 Kgs Windows 10 With Steel Grey Color  you can see further information by clicking below link Coconics Enabler C1314W Specification Processor: 7th Gen Intel Core i3-7100U processor, 2.4GHz base processor speed :: Operating System: Windows 10 Home :: Display: 14 inch HD (1366x768) Display | Anti-Glare display :: Memory: 8GB DDR3L supports up to 16GB (1600MHz) Storage: SATA III HDD Boot :: Ports: 2 x USB 3.0, 1 x USB 2.0, 1 x Type C, 1 x HDMI, 1 x micro SD Card reader, 1 x RJ45. Connectivity: Wi-Fi 802.11 a/b/g/n/ac + BT & Supports 10/100/1000 Mb/sec on-board Lan :: Design: Rugged drop-resistant (50cm)| Water resistance (spills of 100cc of liquid). Weight: 1.83~Kg :: Battery Life: Up to 6 hours as per Mobile Mark. To buy this click the link below HP 15-bs596TU Specification 2GHz Intel Core i3-6006U 6th processor

top 5 earphone under rupees 500


Best earphone under 1000 rupee


after B.E in fire technology

 when you complete a bachelor of engineering in fire technology. there are many courses you can do MBA in disaster management if your are interested in safety and  if you are interested in fire you can do M. tech  or NEBOSH or OSHA there are many other options similar to that. In MBA you will study about how to manage any disaster it is of 2 year course .

Functional requirement of water tender

 Requirement Tank capacity                                                                 2700 to 3600 litres Gross vehicle weight                                                     Not less than 8500 kg including crew, water and                                                                                               equipment Maximum speed on level road                                      72 km per hour Acceleration from a standing start                                50 km per hour in 45 sec through the gears When breaks are applied it should stop within 15 m from the point the breaks are applied when the tender is moving at 48 km per hour. Dimension Wheel base                             Not less than 4.50 m Turning circle, diameter         Not less than 20 m Road clearance                       Not less than 23 m overall width                          Not less than 2.50 m Design and construction It shall be vary from 2700 to 3600 litres depending upon type of chassis used.

Summary of IS 943 Fire trailer pump

 This trailer pump is designed for having water capacity of 680 l/min. It should have water capacity of 680 l/min having pressure of 7 kgf/cm square and driven by internal combustion engine.  Material All the parts which is used to made pump should be of corrosion resistance  The following material shall be used for pump-  Trailer chassis frame              Suitable mild steel  Axle                                        Carbon steel or mild steel Pump casing                            Aluminium alloy grade 4600 A Impeller ring and impeller neck ring             Leaded tin bronze Pump shaft                                                     Stainless steel Grade 04Cr18Nilo Engine cover and pump panel                       Mild steel sheets Engine The engine used in pump shall be IC engine and have minimum of 4 stroke and have a capacity of 5 percent power that can give to pump and the pump can work at pressure of 7 kgf/cm square and if the engine is of petrol then it should have dual

Summary of IS 942 Portable fire pump set

 This pump set shall be of 275 litre/ min and have a pressure of 4 kgf/cm square. and fitted on a steel frame with anti-vibration coil.  Design The design of the engine used in pump should be of single cylinder two stroke or four stroke. The engine can either be driven of diesel or petrol. and should be air cooled. Pump The pump that will be installed should be single stage centrifugal pump and the casing of the pump shall be designed in such a way that there is easy excess to impeller and can easily inspect and erect the pump. the pump shall be fitted with mechanical gland of  self adjusting type.  test of pump performance is done at 27 degree Celsius at 760 mm of mercury. The pump shall be tested with suction strainer fitted continuously for 4 hours shall be with a lift of 3 m for the following duties: output Pressure I/min          kgf/cm 2 545                  2.5 365                  3.5 275                  4.0 The primer of the pump shall lift the water from at least 7 m of heig

types of fire hose

A fire hose is that which is use to connect hydrant from one side and branch from other side on both side male and female coupling are attached to  connect  hydrant and branch the standard size of coupling use to connect is 63.4 mm and of length of hose should be 15.4 meter standard. and the coupling are made up of steel or stainless steel these hoses are made of IS 14851. in past hoses are made up of cotton but due soaking power when water is transfer or supply from it cotton start absorb it and makes hose heavy due to which in modern time they  are made up of synthetic fiber or fiber obtain from plants. the synthetic fiber used for hose also provide strength and better resistance from abrasion. Types of hose  Hoses are made of many types according to their use where they are used and in which environment they are use and the types of hoses used are- Suction hose- Suction hose are those hose which are used by d-watering unit and water tender to suck the water from open sources of wate

Revolving branch

Introduction Revolving branch are those branch which are used for extinguishing fire which occur in that place where firefighter can reach is very difficult. then we can use this branch by making hole on terrace. mostly these type of branch are used in navy.  material and about it Revolving branch are used at 150 psi maximum operating pressure  and is made up of 63 mm male instantaneous coupling that use to connect on hose and have 9 holes of 6.35 mm diameter and these holes are in dome shape on a cylindrical cap that are supported on ball bearing so that it can revolve at around 360 degree. Each hole has a length of 3.12 cm , three on the circumference of the plane of revolution but inclined 600 to the tangent of the circular revolving plane, three in the center  of the upper half pointing upwards at 600 to the vertical. Construction These revolving branch are made up with help of sand casting, die casting of grade 3 of IS 292, Hot forging of Grade 1 of IS 291, Gravity die casting of